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Three Village School District




  • Locate and refer to relevant details and evidence when explaining what a text says explicitly/implicitly; make logical inferences

  • Determine a theme or central idea; explain how it is supported by key details; summarize a text

  • In literary texts:

    • compare and contrast two or more characters, settings, and events, drawing on specific details in the text

    • explain how a series of chapters, scenes, or stanzas fits together to determine the overall structure of a story, drama, or poem

    • explain how a narrator’s or speaker’s point of view influences how events are described

    • identify and analyze structural elements, using terms such as verse, rhythm, meter, characters, settings, dialogue, stage directions

    • compare and contrast the point of view from which different stories are narrated, including the difference between first- and third-person narrations  

  • In informational texts:

    •  explain the relationships or interactions between two or more individuals, events, ideas, or concepts based on specific evidence from the text

    • compare and contrast the overall structure in two or more texts using terms such as sequence, comparison, cause/effect, and problem/solution

    • analyze multiple accounts of the same event or topic, noting important similarities and differences in the point of view they represent

    • compare and contrast a primary and secondary source on the same event or topic

  • Analyze how visual and multimedia elements contribute to meaning of literary and informational texts

  • Determine the meaning of words, phrases, figurative language, academic, and domain-specific words and analyze their effect on meaning, tone, or mood

  • Explain how claims in a text are supported by relevant reasons and evidence

  • Use established criteria to categorize texts; make informed judgments about quality; make connections to other texts, ideas, cultural perspectives, eras, and personal experiences

  • Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words

  • Read grade-level text across genres with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension



  • Write an argument to support claim(s), using clear reasons and relevant evidence

  • Introduce a precise claim and organize the reasons and evidence logically

  • Provide logically ordered reasons that are supported by facts and details from various sources including a concluding statement or section related to the argument

  • Use precise language and content-specific vocabulary while offering an opinion on a topic

  •  Use appropriate transitional words, phrases, and clauses to clarify and connect ideas and concept and manage the sequence of events

  • Establish and maintain a style and tone appropriate to the writing task.

  • Write informative/explanatory texts to explore a topic and convey ideas and information relevant to the subject

  • Introduce a topic clearly, provide a general focus, and organize related information logically

  • Develop a topic with facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other relevant information; include text features, illustrations, and multimedia to aid comprehension

  • Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to explain a topic

  • Use appropriate transitional/linking words, phrases, and clauses to clarify and connect ideas and concepts

  • Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective techniques, descriptive details, and clear event sequences

  • Establish a situation and introduce a narrator and/or characters

  • Use narrative techniques, such as dialogue and description, to develop experiences and events or show the responses of characters to situations

  • Use concrete words and phrases and sensory details to convey experiences and events precisely

  • Create a poem, story, play, artwork, or other response to a text, author, theme, or personal experience

  • Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to respond and support analysis, reflection, and research

  • Conduct research to answer questions, including self-generated questions, and to build knowledge through investigating multiple sources on a topic


and Listening Strand

  • Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions with diverse partners, expressing ideas clearly, persuasively,  and building on those of others

  • Come to discussions prepared, having read or studied required material; draw on that preparation and other information known about the topic to explore ideas 

  • Follow agreed-upon norms for discussions and carry out assigned roles

  • Pose and respond to specific questions to clarify or follow up on information, and make comments that contribute to the discussion and link to the remarks of others

  • Consider the ideas expressed and draw conclusions about information and knowledge gained from the discussions

  • Summarize information presented in diverse format (e.g., including visual, quantitative, and oral)

  • Identify and evaluate the reasons and evidence a speaker provides to support particular points

  • Report on a topic or text or present an opinion, sequencing ideas logically and using appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details to support main ideas or themes; speak clearly at an understandable pace and volume appropriate for audience

  • Include digital media and/or visual displays in presentations to emphasize and enhance main ideas or themes

  • Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, using formal English when appropriate

Language Strand

          *The Language Strand identifies Conventions of Standard English and Core     

           Convention skills that develop from Grade 3 - Grade 5. 


  • Demonstrate command of conventions of Standard English grammar  when writing or speaking

    • Produce simple, compound, and complex sentences

    • Explain the function of nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs in general as well as in particular sentences

    • Use relative pronouns (who, whose, whom, which, that) and relative adverbs (where, when, why)

    • Explain the function of conjunctions, prepositions, and interjections in general as well as in particular sentences

    • Form and use regular and irregular plural nouns as well as abstract nouns

    • Form and use regular and irregular verbs, simple verb tenses, progressive verb tenses, perfect verb tenses to convey times, sequences, states, and conditions

    • Ensure subject-verb and pronoun-antecedent agreement

    • Produce complete sentences, recognizing and correcting inappropriate fragments and run-ons.

    • Correctly use frequently confused words

  • Demonstrate command of conventions of Standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing 

  • Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading or listening

  • Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases

  • Demonstrate an understanding of word relationships and word meanings

  • Acquire and accurately use conversational, general, academic, and content-specific words and phrases

  • Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings, including simple similes and metaphors in context

  • Recognize and explain the meaning of common idioms, adages, and proverbs

  • Demonstrate understanding of words by relating them to their antonyms and synonyms

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