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Three Village School District




  • Locate and refer to relevant details and evidence when explaining what a text says explicitly/implicitly; make logical inferences

  • Determine a theme or central idea; explain how it is supported by key details; summarize a text

  • In literary texts:

    • describe a character, setting, or event, drawing on specific details in the text

    • identify and analyze structural elements, using terms such as verse, rhythm, meter, characters, settings, dialogue, stage directions

    • compare and contrast the point of view from which different stories are narrated, including the difference between first- and third-person narrations  

  • In informational texts:

    •  explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts, including what happened and why, based on specific evidence from the text

    • identify the overall structure using terms such as sequence, comparison, cause/effect, and problem/solution

    • compare and contrast a primary and secondary source on the same event or topic

  • Determine the meaning of words, phrases, figurative language, academic, and content-specific words

  • Identify information presented visually, orally, or quantitatively (e.g., in charts, graphs, diagrams, timelines, animations, illustrations, and explain how the information contributes to an understanding of the text

  • Explain how claims in a text are supported by relevant reasons and evidence

  • Recognize genres and make connections to other texts, ideas, cultural perspectives, eras, personal events, and situations

  • Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words

  • Read grade-level text across genres with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension



  • Write an argument to support claim(s), using clear reasons and relevant evidence

  • Introduce a precise claim, supported by well-organized facts and details, and organize the reasons and evidence logically and provide a concluding statement

  • Use precise language and content-specific vocabulary

  • Use transitional words and phrases to connect ideas and to manage the sequence of events

  • Write informative/explanatory texts to explore a topic and convey ideas clearly using information relevant to the subject and organized in paragraphs and sections

  •  Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, descriptive details, and clear event sequences

  • Establish a situation and introduce a narrator and/or characters

  • Use dialogue and description of actions, thoughts, and feelings to develop experiences and events or show the responses of characters to situations

  • Use concrete words and phrases and sensory details to convey experiences and events precisely

  • Create a poem, story, play, artwork, or other response to a text, author, theme, or personal experience

  • Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to respond and support analysis, reflection, and research 

  • Conduct research to answer questions, including self-generated questions, and to build knowledge through investigating multiple aspects of a topic

  • Recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from multiple sources; take notes and categorize information, and provide a list of sources


and Listening Strand

  • Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions with diverse partners, expressing ideas clearly, and building on those of others

  • Come to discussions prepared, having read or studied required material; draw on that preparation and other information known about the topic to explore ideas 

  • Follow agreed-upon norms for discussions and carry out assigned roles

  • Pose and respond to specific questions to clarify or follow up on information, and make comments that contribute to the discussion and link to the remarks of others

  • Review the relevant ideas expressed and explain their own ideas and understanding of the discussion; paraphrase portions of information presented in diverse formats

  • Identify and evaluate the reasons and evidence a speaker provides to support particular points

  • Report on a topic or text, tell a story, or recount an experience with appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details, speaking clearly at an understandable pace and volume appropriate for audience

  • Distinguish between contexts that call for formal English versus/or informal discourse; use formal English when appropriate to task and situation

  • Include digital media and/or visual displays in presentations to emphasize main ideas or themes

  • Distinguish between contexts that call for formal English versus/or informal discourse; use formal English when appropriate to task and situation

Language Strand

          *The Language Strand identifies Conventions of Standard English and Core     

           Convention skills that develop from Grade 3 - Grade 5. 


  • Demonstrate command of conventions of Standard English grammar  when writing or speaking

    • Produce simple, compound, and complex sentences

    • Explain the function of nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs in general as well as in particular sentences

    • Use relative pronouns (who, whose, whom, which, that) and relative adverbs (where, when, why)

    • Explain the function of conjunctions, prepositions, and interjections in general as well as in particular sentences

    • Form and use regular and irregular plural nouns as well as abstract nouns

    • Form and use regular and irregular verbs, simple verb tenses, progressive verb tenses, perfect verb tenses to convey times, sequences, states, and conditions

    • Ensure subject-verb and pronoun-antecedent agreement

    • Produce complete sentences, recognizing and correcting inappropriate fragments and run-ons.

    • Correctly use frequently confused words

  • Demonstrate command of conventions of Standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing 

  • Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading or listening

  •  Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases

  • Demonstrate an understanding of word relationships and word meanings

  • Acquire and accurately use conversational, general, academic, and content-specific words and phrases

  • Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings, including simple similes and metaphors in context

  • Recognize and explain the meaning of common idioms, adages, and proverbs

  • Demonstrate understanding of words by relating them to their antonyms and synonyms

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