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  Second Grade    

Individual Development and Cultural Identity


A community is a population of various individuals in a common location. It can be characterized as urban, suburban, or rural.


Population density and use of the land are some characteristics that define and distinguish types of communities.

People share similarities and differences with others in their own community and with other communities.

Geography, Humans, and the Environment

Geography and natural resources shape where and how urban, suburban, and rural communities develop and how they sustain themselves.


Civic Ideals and Practices

The United States is founded on the principles of democracy, and these principles are reflected in all types of communities.


Communities have rules and laws that affect how they function. Citizens contribute to a community’s government through leadership and service.

Time, Continuity, and Change


Identifying continuities and changes over time can help understand historical developments.

Cause-and-effect relationships help us recount events and understand historical development.   

Economic Systems

Communities face different challenges in meeting their needs and wants.

A community requires the interdependence of many people performing a variety of jobs and services to provide basic needs and wants.

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